RD vs FD – Difference Between Recurring Deposit and Fixed Deposit

Learning about the differences between Recurring Deposits Calculator (RD) and Fixed Deposits (FD) is crucial for effective financial planning, as it empowers individuals to make informed decisions aligned with their financial goals, risk tolerance, and liquidity needs. FDs offer predictable returns, making them suitable for risk-averse investors. In contrast, RDs allow regular, smaller contributions but involve fluctuating monthly deposits. Understanding variations in interest rates, tax implications, tenure options, and economic conditions aids in optimizing returns and managing risk. 

Awareness of documentation, eligibility criteria, and penalties related to premature withdrawals ensures financial security and influences portfolio diversification choices. Ultimately, the choice between RD and FD depends on individual goals and preferences. Both are excellent fixed-income products and major differences, such as investment methods, can guide individuals in making well-informed investment decisions.

How Does the Recurring Deposit(RD) Dffer from Fixed Deposit(FD)?

Recurring Deposit (RD) and Fixed Deposit (FD) are common investment options banks and financial institutions offer. Still, they have significant differences in terms of deposit methods, interest rates, flexibility, and more. Here’s a consolidated list of the major differences between RD and FD:

Deposit Method:

  • RD: In RD, investors make fixed monthly deposits into their accounts.
  • FD: FD requires a one-time lump-sum deposit for a predetermined tenure.


  • RD: RDs offer flexibility in terms of the amount deposited each month, making them suitable for those with limited savings.
  • FD: FDs require a single lump-sum deposit, providing less flexibility for additional contributions.

Interest Rates:

  • RD: RDs typically offer lower interest rates than FDs.
  • FD: FDs generally provide higher interest rates, especially for longer tenures and larger deposits.

Maturity Amount Calculation:

  • RD: The maturity amount in an RD is calculated based on the cumulative monthly deposits and prevailing interest rates, resulting in variable maturity amounts.
  • FD: FDs have predetermined maturity amounts based on the initial lump-sum deposit, tenure, and fixed interest rate.


  • RD: RDs usually have shorter tenures, ranging from 6 months to 10 years.
  • FD: FDs offer a more comprehensive range of tenures, from a few months to several years, catering to various investment horizons.


  • RD: Premature withdrawals from RDs are allowed but may incur penalties or reduced interest rates.
  • FD: FDs also permit premature withdrawals with penalties and interest rate reductions; some FDs have lock-in periods.


  • RD and FD: The interest earned on both RDs and FDs is taxable. Moreover, Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) may apply if the interest exceeds a certain threshold.

Investment Limit:

  • RD: Minimum monthly deposits in RDs can be relatively low, starting from Rs. 50 to Rs. 100, depending on the bank.
  • FD: FDs usually require a minimum lump-sum deposit, typically starting at Rs. 1,000 or more, varying among banks.

Tax Benefits:

  • RD and FD: Both RD and FD investments may be eligible for a tax deduction under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, subject to specific scheme conditions.

Documents Required:

  • RD and FD: Investors need to provide identity and address proofs when opening both RD and FD accounts.

Ideally Suited For:

  • RD: RDs are suitable for risk-averse investors who want to save small amounts regularly.
  • FD: FDs are better for those with a lump sum to invest and prefer fixed interest rates.

In summary, the choice between RD and FD depends on your financial goals, risk tolerance, and liquidity needs. RDs are suitable for disciplined saving with periodic contributions. At the same time, FDs are better for individuals with a lump sum of money to invest for a fixed period, often offering higher interest rates. It’s essential to consider your specific financial objectives and consult with a financial advisor before deciding.

Bottom Line: 


The key differences between Recurring Deposits (RD) and Fixed Deposit Calculator (FD) are their deposit methods, flexibility, interest rates, maturity amount calculations, tenure options, and taxation. Moreover, RDs are ideal for those who prefer regular, smaller contributions and flexibility. At the same time, FDs suit individuals looking for higher interest rates and predictability with lump-sum investments. Furthermore, both have their merits and can be chosen based on individual financial goals and preferences.  Visit Here :- Best Things You Must Know About Home Loan EMI Calculator In 2023

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